Ghana

Quick Facts

Region: Africa

Population:
23,887,812

Religion:

Roughly 70% of Ghana’s population is Christian, mostly concentrated in the south. About 15% of the population is Muslim, the majority of which are in the north. The remaining population practice traditional religions, these include believing in a supreme being and spirits and lesser gods who inhabit the natural world.

Language:

The official language of Ghana is English, and there are 75 local languages and dialects. Twi is the most widely spoken language and belongs to the Akan language group.

Area (sq. km):
239,460 square meters

Time:

GMT/UTC + 0

When To Travel

Ghana’s climate is tropical and very humid. The temperature is hot all year with seasonal rains, this season is April to June and September to October in the southern coastal region. Maximum temperatures throughout the year are 30 degrees Celsius and humidity is consistently around 80%. Central Ghana has heavier rains which last longer. In the north the temperature is hotter and drier and there is one rainy season from April to October. From December to March dust from the Sahara blows in and creates a hazy atmosphere which sends temperatures plummeting at night.

November to March, July and August.

Useful Travel Facts

Airports:

The international airport is Kotaka in Accra.

Telephone:

Country code +233

Electricity:

220V/240V 50Hz

Food:

Ghanaian food consists of a starch staple, for example rice, fufu, kenkey or banku eaten with a sauce or stew. Sauces can consist of groundnut, palaver and a light soup. Meat is usually chicken, goat or beef and grasscutter, a large rodent, is also popular. In the north guinea fowl replaces chicken. Fish is also commonly used.

Transport:

Airlink, operated by the Ghanaian airforce, offer the only domestic flights in Ghana. VanefSTC, owned by Greyhound, offers the best bus service and provides reliable and frequent services between major centres in Ghana. Ghana has a railway system linking Accra, Kumasi and Takoradi. Tro-Tro is a minibus service covering all major and many minor routes in Ghana. They don’t work to a set timetable and leave when they are full of passengers. Shared taxi’s are the usual form of transport within towns. Driving is on the right hand side of the road in Ghana, most main roads are in good condition.

Shopping:

Traditional arts and crafts include Batik, kente and adinkra cloth, stools and wood carvings, beads, pottery, brasswork, leather work and baskets.

Visa: Visas need to be obtained before arriving, these allow for a stay of up to 60 days and can be a single or multiple entry. A Yellow Fever certificate may be required for the application. Visas must be used within three months of the date of issue.
There is a Ghana consulate in Australia, and visas can be purchased through Visalink. For Australians it will take 10 business days and cost AUD 140.00. Form attached - 4 copies and 4 passport photos needed.

Useful Words & Phrases

Further Reading

Forts & Castles of Ghana by Albert van Dantzig

Asante: The making of a Nation by Nana Otamakuro Adubofour

Two hearts of Kwasi Boachi by Arthur Japin.