There is a freedom to worship in Zambia, but majority of the population are Christian.
The official (and main) language is English. Over 80 dialects are also spoken.
Area (sq. km):
752,614 square meters
Zambia has 3 main seasons: May to August (cool and dry) The country lies within the tropics, so 'winters' are pleasantly temperate and similar to Mediterranean springs. The days are warm and sunny and the nights clear and cool. Very low temperatures and frost can occur overnight. Minimal rain is received over winter months, which are the best for wildlife viewing, as animals tend to stay close to waterholes and pans. Temperatures range around 23ºc except in the early mornings where temperatures can drop to 6ºc. September to November (hot and dry) The days can be quite hot (above 30ºc), but the nights still relatively cool. Game viewing is excellent during this time as the grass is short and animals tend to congregate near the perennial waterholes. December to April (warm and wet) Marked by electrical storms usually in the afternoons, preceded by humid build-ups in the mornings. Thunderstorms are a true spectacle to watch. Viewing wildlife can be more difficult as the bush is thick and the animals scattered. Temperatures generally range from 25ºc - 35ºc except in the Luangwa and Zambezi Valley areas, which can be hotter and more humid.
The international dialling code for Zambia is +260.. Telephone calls, especially international ones, can be expensive when made from a hotel. We suggest you check the price first. If you have a mobile phone it should be a relatively simple procedure to arrange ‘global roaming’ with your service provider; however, charges are generally very high so be sure to check this option thoroughly. You should also check with your service provider to see if your mobile phone is compatible with the networks used in Africa. Phone calls made from public telephone offices are generally your cheapest option.
The electricity supply in Africa is rated at 220 volts/50 cycles, and appliances requiring 240 volts will work normally. If you bring electrical appliances you should also bring an international adaptor. Round three pin plugs are the most common types in southern Africa.
Australians, Americans, Canadians, British and New Zealanders currently do require a visa for Zambia. A visa can be purchased at the airport or on the border on arrival. The visa must be paid in cash in USD. If you are entering Zambia more than once it is suggested that you request a multiple entry visa.
The cost for a single entry visa is US$50 and a double entry visa is US$80. A multiple entry visa must be obtained prior to arrival. A day visa is US$20. If obtaining the visa on arrival, please check that you have been given enough days to cover your stay in Zambia. If you overstay the dates on your visa, then you will be charged an additional US$250 per person, per day. Please ensure you have US dollars cash and that the notes are series 2006 or later in issue.
In addition to the normal visa as listed above there is also the option to obtain the “KAZA Univisa”, which allows visa holders to cross between Zambia and Zimbabwe (only) multiple times within its validity of 30 days. This visa is only available on the following border crossing points/airports;
Zimbabwe: Harare International Airport, Victoria Falls International Airport, Kazungula border crossing, Victoria Falls border crossing
Zambia: Livingstone International Airport, Lusaka International Airport, Kazungula border crossing, Victoria Falls border crossing
Please note that at this stage this visa is not available at any other border crossing, including the border crossings from Malawi, Namibia and South Africa.
The cost is approx. US$50 and is payable in cash upon arrival at immigration, and is available to passport holders of the following nationalities: Australia, UK, Canada, Germany, Japan, Netherlands, New Zealand, Switzerland, USA. Please check eligibility with your local embassy if your nationality is not listed above or visit http://www.kazavisa.info/
Zambia Lonely Planet