Everything you wanted to know about Niagara Falls

Niagara Falls is one of the world's great natural wonders, and a popular honeymoon destination. Even if you're not getting hitched, it's certainly one not to miss. Just 90 minutes from Toronto and right on the United States/Canada border, Niagara Falls is easily accessible for all.

Here's a few fun facts to arm yourself with before heading off. Some you might know, some not. Why not learn a new fact today!
  • Niagara Falls includes two major sections which are divided by Goat Island. These are the Horseshoe Falls on the Canadian side and the American Falls on the United States side. One smaller section called the Bridal Veil Falls is also on the American side and is separated from the main falls by the Luna Island. When merged together these are known as Niagara Falls
  • Niagara Falls were formed as a result of glaciers receding at the end of the Wisconsin glaciation and from the water of the newly formed Great Lakes, which together created a path through the Niagara Escarpment en route to the Atlantic Ocean
  • 3,160 tons of water flows over the falls every second. This accounts for 300,000 litres of water per second over the American and Bridal Veil Falls and over 2.5million litres per second over the Horseshoe Falls.
  • Niagara Falls has moved back more than 11 kilometres in 12,500 years and could be the fastest moving waterfalls in the world
  • Although the Niagara Waterfalls are not exceptionally high, they are very wide. The length of the brink is 323 metres while its overall height is 54 metres
  • Niagara Falls are located on the international border that separates the Canadian province of Ontario and the American state of New York
  • One of the oldest and best known tourist attractions at the Niagara Falls is the boat cruise called Maid of the Mist, which is named after an ancient Ongiara Indian mythical character
  • Several people have triedd to conquer the Niagara Falls. In October 1829, Sam Patch, jumped from a high tower into the gorge below the falls and survived. There's been a long tradition of daredevils ever since, some of whom were successful, while others lost their lives. A 63-year-old female shool teacher attempted to roll off the Niagara Falls in a barrel and made it!
  • On January 27, 1938, the Upper Steel Arch Bridge, known locally as the Honeymoon Bridge, collapsed under pressure from the build up of ice in the gorge below the falls. The bridge had been closed days before in anticipation of the collapse
  • When winter rolls in, the water doesn't stop flowing. Mist is created thus forming ice along the banks of the river. Ice as deep and as thick as 16 metres is formed, where it can span the river in an icy layer of solid ice known as the ice bridge
  • The Niagara River ecosystems support many of New York State's protected animal species, such as the Lake Sturgeon, Peregrine Falcon and American Bald Eagle
  • There are 14 species of plants, both endangered and quite rare, that are located in the Niagara River Gorge
  • Niagara Falls are known for their stunning display of rainbows, or lunar bows which create a beautiful display of colors when the light of the moon hits the mist formed by the Falls
  • Close to 140 acres, of the over 400 acres Niagara Falls State Park, is under water
  • Four of the five Great Lakes drain into the Niagara River, (Superior, Michigan, Huron and Erie) before emptying into Lake Ontario. These five Great Lakes make up almost one-fifth of the world's fresh water supply.

Got plans to see Niagara Falls? Or been there in the past? Tell us about it in the comments section below. Or head to twitter and Facebook to share your pics and stories.

Take a look at all our trips that take in Niagara Falls.

 

 

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