Quick Facts

Region: North & Central Asia



The principal religious faith is Tibetan Buddhist Lamaism. The link between Tibet and Mongolia was established in the time of the great Mongol Empire when Tibetan lamas were represented at the court of Genghis Khan and Kublai Khan. By the 16th century, it had become the dominant religion in the country. During the 1920s and 1930s, religious freedom was suppressed by communist rule and this was not restored until 1990. An estimated 4%-5% of the population are Muslim, most of them being ethnic Kazakhs living in the far west. Christian missionaries are currently active in the country.


Over 90% of the population speak Khalka Mongol, which is part of the Ural-Altaic family of languages. These languages include Finnish, Turkish, Kazakh, Uzbek and Korean. Since 1944, Russian cyrillic alphabet has been used to write Mongolian.

Area (sq. km):
1,565,000 square meters


GMT +8 hours.

When To Travel

Mongolia suffers from extremes in climate due to its location. It is nowhere near the sea that would tend to moderate climate. There is no humidity and the sunshine is intense (there are over 260 sunny days per year) and it can reach temperatures in the high 20’s (in degrees Celsius) in summer. Rainfall is usually limited to the summer months with heavier rainfall in July and August. There is virtually no rain and there are plenty of blue skies between October and May. Good wet-weather clothing is recommended, in case of emergency. The winters are long and cold with the temperature in Ulan Bator reaching -25°C in the month of January. Because of the high altitude (most of the country lies at least 1,400 metres above sea level), the evenings are cool, even in summer. The wind plays the major role in determining the climate; the north wind from Siberia makes the temperature drop sharply, but conditions do warm up rapidly as soon as the wind drops.

We only run tours between June and September. July to August can see some rain, but it is warm during the day (can be cold at nights). May, June, September and October see virtually no rain and lots of blue sky. November to April is dry, but freezing cold with lots of snow.

Useful Travel Facts


The international dialling code for Mongolia is +976


In Mongolia, the voltage is 220V, but the sockets are designed to accommodate two round prongs (European-style).


Mongolia is not a great place for those who are fussy about their food. The quality and choice are very poor outside of Ulaanbaatur and most Mongolians eat little more than greasy boiled mutton with lots of fat and flour! It is particularly hard to be a vegetarian; vegetables are rare and usually pickled in jars. There is a range of dairy food such as yoghurt, milk, fresh cream, cheese and fermented milk drinks, but it is hard to get biscuits, and eggs are also rare. Noodles and rice are sometimes served with the meat. Several foreign-run restaurants (ie. Japanese, French, African, Korean and Indian) have started up in Ulaanbaatur, and this has now made the gastronomic experience somewhat better in the capital. On a Peregrine tour, most of your meals will be catered for, as part of the trip. Our cook will provide a far better selection than what is stated above. In fact we will make every effort to ensure that you will eat as well if not better than anyone else in Mongolia!


Visas are the responsibility of the individual traveller. The visa requirements for your trip vary depending on where you are from and where you are going. As a general rule most countries expect that you will have at least 6 months' validity on your passport. On arrival visitors may be asked to present return tickets and evidence of means to cover your intended stay. We keep the following information up to date as much as possible, but rules do change - it's important that you check for yourself. Residents from other countries must consult the relevant embassies or your travel agent.

Nationals of Argentina, Austria, Brazil, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Japan, Ireland, Netherlands, Switzerland, Sweden and the United Kingdom can for tourist purposes visa free for 30 days. US passport holders can travel in Mongolia for up to 90 days visa free.

Visa requirements are as follows:

Australia: Yes - in advance

Belgium: Not required

Canada: Not required

Germany: Not required

Ireland: Not required

Netherlands: Not required

New Zealand: Yes - in advance

South Africa: Yes - in advance

Switzerland: Not required

United Kingdom: Not required

USA: Not required


Most embassies do not require a LOI. However, should you be required to present one with your visa application please contact us. There may be a fee for this service. In order for us to provide a LOI through our local partners we will require a clear, colour scan of your passport along with an indication of at which embassy you will be applying for your visa. Please allow up to 2 weeks for your LOI to be processed.

Visas are not available on arrival at any land borders into Mongolia. Due to changes in visa regulations we are no longer able to provide visa invitations for visa on arrival at the Chinggis Khan International Airport.


You may be able to apply for your Mongolian visa in Beijing en-route if you have time here before your trip. Please plan carefully and check the current embassy requirements.


You will need to apply for a Single Entry Tourist Visa (J) that covers the duration of your stay in Mongolia. Visas are usually valid for 3 months from the date of issue and enable to you to stay for up to 30 days.

Name and address of host person or organization in Mongolia:

Mongolian Trails

Apartment 17, Building SOT 4,

4th micro district,

Bayangol district,

Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.

Phone: 976-99183751, 976-96003751


You may be required to provide a copy of your itinerary, indicating the dates of your tour, along with your application.

Useful Words & Phrases


1: neg
10: arav
100: zuu
1000: myang
2: khoyor
20: khori
3: gurav
4: dorov
5: tav
6: zurgaa
7: doloo
8: naim
9: yos
coffee: khofi
drinking water: uukh us
excuse me: uuchlaarai
goodbye: bayartai
Hello: sain bainuu
how are you?: sain bainuu?
how much?: en yamar untei ve?
no: ugui
tea: tsai
thank you: bayarlaa / gyalailaa
toilet: jorlong
where is_____?: khaan bain ve?
yes: tiim


Excuse me / you’re welcome: pa-ZHAHL-ooh-stuh
Good afternoon: DOH-bri dyen
Good evening: DOH-bri VYEH-chir
Good morning: DOH-bra-yuh OO-tra
Goodbye: Das-fi-DA-nya
Help!: Na POH-mushch!
How much is this?: SKOL-ka STO-eet
No: Nyet
Thank you: Spuh-SEE-ba
Yes: Da