Quick Facts

Region: Europe



The population consists of 40% Muslim, 31% Orthodox, 15% Roman Catholic, 4% Protestant and 10% other denominations and religions.


The official languages are Bosnian, Serbian and Croatian. The Croats and Bosnians use the Latin alphabet, whereas the Serbs use the Cyrillic.

Area (sq. km):
51,129 square meters


GMT + 1

When To Travel

Bosnia & Herzegovina has a Mediterranean climate with hot summers and cold winters. The higher elevated areas have short, cool summers and long, severe winters.

The best time to visit is in the spring and the summer. As this beautiful country is relatively undiscovered by tourism, you don’t have to worry about the European summer crowds!

Useful Travel Facts


You can purchase a phone card from a post office or kiosk to make short international or local calls. For longer calls, it is better to use the telephone section at the post office. Dial 1201 for the international operator. The outgoing international number is 99 and the country code is 387.


220 volts AC, 50Hz. Two-pin plugs are in use.


The traditional cuisine of the region reflects Turkish and Balkan influences. Specialities are bosanski lonac (Bosnian meat and vegetable stew), burek (a meat pie made up of lots of layers), lokum (Turkish delight) and rakija (old Serbian brandy), as well as halva (crushed sesame seeds in honey). If you are a vegetarian, look out for sirnica (cheese pie). Side dishes, such as sour cabbage, tomato and onion salad as well as yoghurt are often served.


Look out for traditional purchases such as brass coffee pots, woodcarvings, ceramics, handmade carpets, wines and folk-art, tapestries and embroidery and leather boxes.

Visa: EU Nationals do not require a visa. Nor do citizens of Australia, New Zealand, USA, Canada, however it is your responsibility to check this information is still current.

Useful Words & Phrases

Further Reading

Then They Started Shooting: Growing Up in Wartime Bosnia - Lynne Jones This Was Not Our War: Bosnian Women Reclaiming the Peace - Swanee Hunt Blood and Vengeance: One Family's Story of the War in Bosnia - Chuck Sudetic Bosnia: A Short History - Noel Malcolm