Day 1-2 - Lima
On arrival at Lima's Jorge Chavez International Airport you are transferred to your hotel in the well-known coastal suburb of Miraflores. In the evening you meet your tour leader and the other members of your group for a pre-tour briefing. Please check the noticeboard near the hotel reception for confirmation of the exact time and place of the meeting (please note that if a significant number of group members are arriving late into Lima, this meeting may be held sometime on Day 2). This meeting is generally followed by an optional group dinner at a nearby restaurant. Lima has some of the most superb cuisine in South America and is especially renowned for its exceptional seafood. During your time here, you may wish to try ceviche, Peru’s national dish, which is raw fish marinated in lime juice and often served with hot peppers. This culinary delight is a must for all seafood lovers!
On the morning of Day 2 we start our exploration of the Peruvian capital with a half-day city tour. Founded in 1535 by the Spanish conquistador, Francisco Pizarro, it was from Lima that all Spanish territories in South America were governed. Few cities at that time could rival Lima’s power, wealth and opulence. However its glory days ended in 1746 when the city was virtually destroyed by an earthquake. Many of the colonial buildings were rebuilt and we get a first-hand look at several of them on our tour. The striking Plaza Mayor (Plaza de Armas), flanked by some of the most important buildings in town such as the cathedral, the huge Government Palace and the Archbishop’s Palace, constitutes the heart of the city. We visit the cathedral and the nearby San Francisco Monastery, with its catacombs containing some 70,000 human remains. We also visit the impressive National Museum of Anthropology, Archaeology and History of Peru, which is home to a wonderful collection of cultural exhibits tracing the history, arts and accomplishments of the people of Peru, ranging from the original inhabitants of the land through to the Inca Empire and the Spanish conquerors.
The afternoon is free to do your own exploration of Lima. You may wish to wander around Miraflores or perhaps catch a taxi to visit the Gold Museum or the Larco Museum, which is renowned for its ancient pottery collection. Please remember that you must agree on a fare with the driver before catching a taxi, as the taxis here do not have meters. (Miraflores-Downtown approximately 10-15 soles)
Day 3-4 - Arequipa
We fly to Arequipa, known as ‘La Ciudad Blanca’ (The White City) because the buildings have been built almost exclusively from a white volcanic material called 'sillar'. The city lies in a beautiful valley and at the foot of the 5822 metre-high El Misti volcano, a perfectly shaped cone. Arequipa is without doubt one of the most beautiful cities in Peru. Protected by mountains, its wild surrounding landscape consists of high altitude deserts, hot springs and abyssal canyons. We visit the cathedral and a walking tour of this charming city takes us down cobblestone streets to the beautifully refurbished Santa Catalina Convent. Originally built in 1580, it is a maze of high walls decked in flowers and buttressed houses painted in the traditional colours of white, brown, and blue. We also visit the Jesuit Church (La Compañia), with its intricate façade and incredible artwork, and have time to discover the cafés, shops and arcaded buildings that surround the impressive Plaza de Armas. Along the way, we pass by many of the existing historic colonial houses that have helped earned this city a UNESCO World Heritage listing. We have an additional day of free time to do our own exploration or arrange an optional tour. The neighbouring suburbs are also of interest, with their own attractive colonial churches and historic ambience. Arequipa is without doubt one of the most beautiful cities in Peru.
Day 5-6 - Colca Canyon - Arequipa
Today we continue our journey by driving into the Colca Valley and Colca Canyon. Twice as deep as the Grand Canyon and with an average depth of 3400 metres, this canyon is one of the deepest in the world. During our journey through the 'Altiplano’ (High Plains) we see grazing wild vicunas, domesticated llamas and alpacas, as well as stone cairns that were built by the indigenous people. We stop at the highest point (4910m) to enjoy views of the bleak landscape below and snowcaps on Nevado Ampato (6310m) in the distance. At this point we will feel a little shortness of breath, but after we take our photos, we are back in the vehicle descending to a lower altitude. We continue to Chivay the capital of the provence, and have time to take a short walk to ancient ruins, or visit the local hot springs. In the evening, you may wish to visit a local 'peñas' to see a show of traditional Peruvian dance and music. We stay overnight in Chivas.
Unlike most of the Grand Canyon, there are small, picturesque villages dotted around Colca Canyon , near the remarkable Inca and pre-Inca terraced fields, that still support agriculture and human life. It is possible to see many of the locals in their highly decorative traditional dress and hats. We drive through this stunning scenery, for the opportunity to spot one of the world’s largest flying birds, the Andean condor. From Cruz Del Condor, a view point overlooking the valley, we hope to see the family of condors which nest in the Canyon walls, soar gracefully above and below us. It is truly a magnificent sight. In the afternoon, we return to Arequipa.
Day 7-8 - Cusco
Today we fly to the ancient Inca capital of Cusco, where we take an afternoon walking tour to explore this fascinating city. This place is a favourite destination of many visitors to Peru. Cusco’s main sites radiate outwards from the Plaza de Armas, which is dominated by the 17th century Baroque cathedral. It was in this very plaza that the Spanish conquistadors put to death the last Inca king, Tupac Amaru I. As we wander the streets and side alleys of the city we witness the perfect tapering Inca stonework that provided the foundations for many of Cusco’s colonial and modern buildings. Our comprehensive sightseeing tour of the city’s main sights includes the cathedral and Koricancha Temple. We then take to the surrounding hills and visit the impressive ceremonial ruins of Sacsayhuaman, where massive stone blocks that form the walls of this site give us an awesome picture of how highly developed Inca engineering was.
In our free time, it is also possible to visit the Inca Museum, Religious Art Museum, Church of San Blas and Santa Catalina Museum. The oldest continuously inhabited city in the western hemisphere, Cusco is a wonderful place in which to stroll aimlessly or be entertained by participating in an outdoor activity. If you are feeling energetic there are a myriad of adventures available in and around town, such as cycling and horse riding. There are plenty of opportunities to shop for handicrafts or wander around the cobblestone streets and visit museums, churches and colonial sites. You may just wish to relax with a 'cerveza' or a 'pisco sour' in one of the restaurants and 'penas' (traditional local bars) surrounding Plaza de Armas.
Day 9 - The Sacred Valley - Cusco
The Sacred Valley, located between the towns of Pisac and Ollantaytambo, was greatly treasured because of its climate, fertile land and the presence of the Urubamba (Sacred) River. Today we still see evidence of the Incas' engineering skills in the ruins of ancient aqueducts, irrigation canals, dams on the Urubamba River, imposing sets of terraces and centres of worship dedicated to Pachamama (Mother Earth). On our full day tour of the Sacred Valley we visit the Awana Kancha tourist centre where we see llama, alpaca, vicuna and guanaco all in the one place, the ruins at Qenko, the colourful market town of Pisac and the towering Inca citadel at Ollantaytambo. Built on a steep mountainside this grand citadel served as both a temple and fortress. A walk up to the top is rewarded by fine views over the village and out further into the valley.
Day 10 - Peru's Challenge Community Project - Cusco
This morning we enjoy a visit to the Peru's Challenge Community Project at Pumamarca, located in a beautiful valley just 10 kilometres from the centre of Cusco. The Peru's Challenge Program works to create opportunities for children living in the Andes region. The program was started by Australian, Jane Gavel and Selvy Ugaz from Peru. Since October 2003, Peru’s Challenge has helped nearly 1000 families and started to educate over 500 children in numerous communities. We are a sponsor of the Peru’s Challenge program at Pumamarca, providing support through the 'Small Loans for Community Development’ scheme and through the Peregrine Community Trust. The visit offers a rare look at the challenges faced by many small farming communities around Peru. It is both educational and inspirational.
During our visit we wander through the fields and watch the locals tend their crops, whilst in the village we visit the local school and also see the women working in the handicraft centre. If you wish to make a donation to the Peru’s Challenge program, the recently launched Peregrine Community Trust is the easiest and most convenient way to do so. Details on our Trust can be found at http://www.peregrineadventures.com/community-trust.
We return to Cusco in the early afternoon.
Day 11-12 - Machu Picchu - Aguas Calientes - Cusco
We board an early morning train to the town of Aguas Calientes where we overnight. There are some small shops and restaurants in the town where we can while the time away. The next morning we take a bus up the steep, zigzagging road to the impressive Lost City of the Incas - Machu Picchu. Built around 1450 the city was deserted less than a century later following the Spanish invasion and ‘lost’ for hundreds of years before it was rediscovered by Hiram Bingham in 1911. The architecture of Machu Picchu is quite extraordinary, with the mortar-free design particularly earthquake resistant and the stones so precisely cut that to this day not even a knife fits between them. We tour the site with our guide and then have some free time to explore by ourselves, before taking the bus down to the small town of Aguas Calientes. In the late afternoon we take the train back to Cusco.
Day 13 - Puno
We travel by bus today to the town of Puno, situated on the shores of Lake Titicaca, the highest navigable lake in the world at 3810 metres. This scheduled tourist service takes us on good roads initially through some spectacular mountain scenery and we stop at several sites along the way, including Inca adobe ruins. Lunch is included on a stop in the small town of Sicuani. Along the way we also make a short roadside stop at La Raya, which at 4335 metres is the highest point on our journey. We also drive through the large sprawling town of Juliaca on our way to Puno, which is a colourful and lively place renowned for its traditional street dancing, often performed in celebration of Catholic festive days in February each year. An important agricultural centre, Puno is reasonably compact and centred around the pedestrian part of Calle Lima, which is full of restaurants and bars. The town is a launching pad for excursions out on Lake Titicaca whilst on the surrounding plateaus, grazing alpacas and llamas are familiar sights.
Day 14 - Lake Titicaca - Sillustani - Puno
This morning we leave our hotel by local trishaw and head for the lake and board our boat. One of our first stops is on one of the floating reed islands of the Uros people, who still live as they have done so for centuries. The islanders use totora reeds for many things, from building their homes and boats to producing hand-woven mats. We then make our way across the lake back to Puno and continue by road to Sillustani, where located on a small peninsula are well-preserved burial towers called ‘chullpas’. Constructed by the Colla people in pre-Incan times, these ‘chullpas’ often have lizards carved into their stone exterior; lizards are considered a symbol of life because of their ability to regrow their tails. The complex engineering feat involved in the construction of these conical towers, which stand up to a height of 12 metres, continues to amaze archaeologists even today. We return to our hotel in Puno in the late afternoon.
Day 15 - Tiahuanaco - La Paz
Peru and Bolivia both share the waters of Lake Titicaca, and today we follow the shores of the lake to the Bolivian border at Desaguadero. Here we complete our immigration and customs formalities. The journey by road to the Bolivian capital, La Paz, takes us via the ancient ruins of Tiahuanaco. This was the base of a great civilisation that began around 500 BC before mysteriously 'disappearing' around 1200 AD. It is believed that the ceremonial complex date back to the 8th century AD and was once at the centre of a powerful and self-sustaining empire based in the southern Central Andes. The sprawling ruins comprise of temples, courtyards, terraced pyramids, monolithic stone statues and gateways. The most famous structure is the Puerta del Sol (Gateway of the Sun). From the ruins it is less than a two-hour drive to La Paz, where we spend the night. We enjoy spectacular views of the city on our approach, due to its unique location in the middle of a vast volcanic crater that resembles a bowl.
Day 16 - La Paz
We spend half a day visiting the sights of La Paz - the highest capital in the world. Towering over the city is Mount Illimani, which reaches a height of 6439 metres with its snow-covered peaks. Much of La Paz is modern; however, there are still some examples of late 19th century architecture such as the Presidential Palace, La Paz Cathedral and National Congress. We view these and visit a few of the city's small, but fascinating museums as well as wander around the Witches Market, where they sell some unusual medicinal potions. A short distance from the town centre is the Valley of the Moon - an eroded maze of canyons and pinnacles that form a bizarre landscape.
Day 17-18 - La Paz - Uyuni Salt Desert - Uyuni
We leave La Paz in the early morning and travel by comfortable bus to the town of Oruro, where we then join the train for a spectacular journey around the edge of Lake Popoo and through the villages of Popp, Challapata and Huari. We then enter the highlands with a superb view over the mineral-rich mountains that characterise this part of Bolivia and enjoy our first glimpse of llamas, alpacas and even the graceful vicunas. Our train journey across the Altiplano ends in the small township of Uyuni, our base for two nights. From here we explore the Uyuni Salt Desert, an immense saltpan stretching over an area of 12,000 square kilometres. It was once part of a prehistoric salt lake, Lago Minchin, which covered most of south-western Bolivia. The sunsets here can be quite incredible. Our full day excursion across this strange and fascinating desert includes a visit to the tiny village of Jiria that lies at the foot of the Tunupa Volcano. We have time to explore the natural caves in the volcano, and enjoy outstanding views over the salt desert. Our next stop is Isla Pescado, a small volcanic island situated 80 kilometres inside the desert. Isla Pescado is home to enormous cacti and there is plenty of time to do some of our own exploring. In the late afternoon we return to our hotel in Uyuni, where we can enjoy some local cuisine in one of the nearby restaurants.
Day 19-20 - Potosi
We continue our journey across the altiplano by private vehicle to the silver-mining town of Potosi. The six-hour journey crosses the high Bolivian Plateau, passing through dry deserts and the occasional oasis towns with their shepherd inhabitants. Arriving in Potosi we check into our hotel and then take a short stroll around the main plaza, taking in the colonial architecture of this old city. The immense Cerro Rico Mountain (4824 metres) dominates the town of Potosi (4082m). In its heyday it was considered the richest silver mine in the world. Potosi was founded in 1545, following the discovery of silver in Cerro Rico. This discovery proved to be the first of many and the town quickly flourished into one of the richest in Latin America. Silver was the backbone of the Spanish economy and led to its monarchy's extravagance for over two centuries. Millions of miners worked in the mines in terrible conditions, resulting in a stunningly high number of deaths either by disease or preventable accidents. At the turn of 19th century, however, reserves began to dwindle and the city declined. Evidence of Potosi’s rich colonial past can still be seen in the form of its grand colonial architecture, narrow streets and ornate churches.
In the morning, we enjoy a guided tour of the city, visiting many of its highlights including the San Lorenzo Church, Cobija Arch, the main square and it's cathedral, the Jesuit Tower and the Museum of La Casa de la Moneda. This museum has a fascinating section dedicated to art and historical artefacts. The afternoon is ours to further explore the city and there are many options available, including a visit to the Cooperative Mines, which provides the opportunity to enter the mines and see the labourers at work. You can also indulge in a thermal bath or visit the historical colonial farm at the Marquise de Ottavi, situated in a picturesque valley.
Day 21-22 - Sucre
Actually the official capital of Bolivia, the beautiful colonial city of Sucre is only a three-hour drive away along a well maintained road, which descends more than 1000 metres to the temperate valleys of Chuquisacra. Small rivers, cactus fields, fruit and vegetable plantations dominate the valley, which is inhabited by gentle local people who live in mud huts.
Sucre is a pleasant city set in a valley surrounded by low mountains and has retained the flavour of its colonial heritage in its churches, museums and ancient mansions. Sucre was founded in 1538 as the Spanish capital of the vast region of Charcas and in 1776 with the new territorial division created by the Spaniards, its name was changed to Chuquisaca. Chuquisaca played an important role during the long colonial period, influencing much of Bolivia’s history. Indeed, it was here that independence was declared on August 6, 1825. Several years later the name of the city was changed to Sucre, in honour of the general who promoted the independence movement.
On arrival we settle in to our hotel and then enjoy a guided tour of the old part of Sucre including Recoleta Church and Monastery, the Chapel of the Virgin of Guadalupe, the cathedral and Museum of La Casa de la Libertad. During our stay we have enough free time to enjoy this historical town and soak up the colonial atmosphere. In our free time we can visit the local markets and textile museum, take a walk around the city or enjoy a horse ride in the surrounding countryside.
Day 23 - La Paz
After breakfast we transfer to the airport for our flight to La Paz, where our adventure comes to an end. We should arrive back in La Paz around midday. If you are planning to depart La Paz today, we advise that you do not book to depart until at least after 3pm (15:00 hrs).